In a class system, individuals are born into a certain social position, but some people are able to move up or down in the social structure over the course of their lives. This means that inequalities are embedded in the structure of society. In other words, most members of the society essentially buy into the system of stratification. Social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on categories like ethnicity, class, occupation, education level, and gender. In most societies, stratification is an economic system, based on wealth, the net value of money and assets a person has, and income, a person’s wages or investment dividends.While people are regularly categorized based on how rich or poor they are, other important factors influence social standing. In this way, structured inequality can be seen as an efficient way to organize a society. In an open society, there is a possibility to move from one class to another based on one’s achievements. Closed systems tend to be extremely rigid and does not allow changes in social positions. In addition to these four types of stratification, slavery is also considered a system of stratification. 1. social inequality: The unequal distribution of valued resources, rewards, and positions in a society. The main difference between social stratification and social differentiation is that social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on categories like ethnicity, class, education level, and gender while social differentiation is the distinction between social groups and persons on the basis of physiological, biological and sociocultural factors. “Indian Caste System” By Giveaway285 – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia. The concept of social stratification provides a framework to understand the ways that people are divided into social categories, primarily by levels of wealth, income, power, and other forms of social capital—resources that allow individuals to acquire wealth, power, and other forms of social standing. As always, the best place to start is with a definition of the concept. Moreover, individuals in higher ranks or those with higher social status are more likely to have access to various resources and enjoy more privileges when compared to those in lower ranks. Learn faster with spaced repetition. They usually were tied to a particular aristocrat or noble family by legal ties and by tradition and a sense of loyalty or duty. Social differentiation is the differences between individuals in society or social groups. César Chávez (1927–93) was a farmworker who became a leader in the labor rights and civil rights movements of the mid-20th century. Open system, on the other hand, allows more change and freedom. “Stratification and Differentiation .” A2 Sociology for AQA, 2006.2. It is universal (exists in every society), but variable (the system of stratification varies across time and place). Many of these individuals provide socially and economically valuable labor in fields such as agriculture, construction, food service, child care, and household services. This may serve a social function—providing society with groups of people who are available to perform low-status jobs. Social Differentiation and Social Stratification, Social Groups, Networks, and Organizations. Start studying social differentiation and social stratification-ch.8. All societies have a system of stratification. Types of labor include basic social requirements such as procuring food, providing protection, and raising children, as well as more complex requirements such as contributing to the growth of the economy and providing a legal and governmental structure for society. What is Social Stratification – Definition, Characteristics 3. The caste system in India is a well-known example of this form of stratification. Social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of social groups based on unequal levels of wealth, power, and social status. Members of different social divisions do not have the same access to material rewards, such as wealth and property, or symbolic rewards, such as status and respect. However, division of labor also contributes to different roles, expectations, and opportunities for members of different social divisions. Arguments developed by Karl Marx and Max Weber, developed in the 19th and 20th centuries, continue to be influential. While estate systems were common in the past, other systems of social stratification exist in the modern world. Social differentiation itself has to be examined from various angles, the most important of which are discussed below. Social stratification and differentiation are two concepts that describe differences between individuals in society. Social stratification persists over generations. Every society has some form of social stratification. Moreover, inequality and power are two key concepts in social differentiation. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Division of labor is a principal driver of social division. Social Differentiation and Social Stratification . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Social Differentiation. Some class systems are more open, allowing for more social mobility, while others are more closed. Social stratification exists in many forms. Social differentiation exits in all societies and social groups. Several theories of stratification inform how sociologists think about structured inequalities. Functionalist perspective, understanding society as a system of parts that work together, Stratification helps society function as a whole. For instance, in the United States structured inequalities impact people who are not fluent in English. Social divisions often result in structured inequalities between groups in society in terms of their access to material or symbolic rewards. Social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on categories like ethnicity, class, education level, and gender while social differentiation is the distinction between social groups and persons on the basis of physiological, biological and sociocultural factors. Especially now is the age of globalization and allows everyone to move places, but it also can enable SOCIAL DIFERENCE Social divisions have several functions in a society. Most western countries have social stratification based on wealth and income. Since inception, there has been different things, individuals, groups, relationships, and classifications. There are four major forms of stratification: estate systems, caste systems, class systems, and status hierarchy systems. Social Stratification. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For example, a working class individual with a low income who becomes famous or a respected leader might hold a fairly high status position. Estate systems were found throughout Europe and Asia from the Middle Ages through the Industrial Revolution. Weber agreed with Marx that class and property are important, but he also stressed that the consequences of class are important in one's life chances and opportunities. They are relevant as a pre-condition, as well as a result of, the division of labor. In contrast, social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on social differentiation. Difference Between Social Stratification and Social Differentiation. Every society has some form of social stratification. Structured inequalities relating to racial divisions result in some racial groups having greater access to good education, good jobs, health care, more social and cultural prestige, and better treatment by the justice system. Social stratification and social differentiation are the two most important processes found in most of the societies. Whereas Marx thought stratification was principally the result of one class owning property and the means of production, German sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920) argued that other aspects were also critical.