The Danes broke their word, and after killing all the hostages, slipped away under cover of night to Exeter in Devon. The unstated premise was that the surviving brother would be king. [90], The burhs were connected by a road system maintained for army use (known as herepaths). [129] Numerous Anglo-Saxon manuscripts burnt up along with the churches that housed them. [153], Osferth was described as a relative in King Alfred's will and he attested charters in a high position until 934. In such cases, the Vikings were extremely vulnerable to pursuit by the king's joint military forces. These graves remained intact until 1788 when the site was acquired by the county for the construction of a town jail. After collecting reinforcements, they made a sudden dash across England and occupied the ruined Roman walls of Chester. They took refuge on an island at Thorney, on the River Colne between Buckinghamshire and Middlesex, where they were blockaded and forced to give hostages and promise to leave Wessex. One of the terms of the surrender was that Guthrum convert to Christianity. He was the youngest son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex. The mercy that Christ infused into Mosaic law underlies the injury tariffs that figure so prominently in barbarian law codes since Christian synods "established, through that mercy which Christ taught, that for almost every misdeed at the first offence secular lords might with their permission receive without sin the monetary compensation which they then fixed". The Danes were heavily outnumbered, but as the tide rose, they returned to their boats which, with shallower drafts, were freed first. Alfred becomes a grandfather when Ecgwynn gives birth to, The King Alfred School and Specialist Sports Academy, Burnham Road, Highbridge, so named due to its rough proximity to Brent Knoll (a Beacon site) and Athelney, The King Alfred School in Barnet, North London, UK, King Alfred Swimming Pool & Leisure complex in Hove, Brighton UK, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 12:28. [105], About a fifth of the law code is taken up by Alfred's introduction which includes translations into English of the Ten Commandments, a few chapters from the Book of Exodus, and the Apostolic Letter from the Acts of the Apostles (15:23–29). ), but Alfred had earned this particular title for the might he displayed against Viking invaders after he took the throne in 871 AD. For the Bohemian nobleman, see, A coin of Alfred, king of Wessex, London, 880 (based upon a Roman model), Tomas Kalmar argues that we do know when Alfred was born. "It is clear", Brooks concludes, "that the metropolitan church [of Canterbury] must have been quite unable to provide any effective training in the scriptures or in Christian worship". [169][170], Alfred is venerated as a saint by some Christian traditions. Alfred was born in 849 CE, the son of King Aethelwulf of Wessex and his wife Osburh. Unlike the translation of the Pastoral Care the Alfredian text deals very freely with the original and, though the late Dr. G. Schepss showed that many of the additions to the text are to be traced not to the translator himself[140] but to the glosses and commentaries which he used, still there is much in the work which is distinctive to the translation and has been taken to reflect philosophies of kingship in Alfred's milieu. Four days later, the Anglo-Saxons won a victory at the Battle of Ashdown on the Berkshire Downs, possibly near Compton or Aldworth. [80] There were thirty-three burhs, spaced approximately 30 kilometres (19 miles) apart, enabling the military to confront attacks anywhere in the kingdom within a day. Alfred the Great (848/9 – 26 October 899) was king of the West Saxons from 871 to c. 886 and king of the Anglo-Saxons from c. 886 to 899. [145], The Alfred jewel, discovered in Somerset in 1693, has long been associated with King Alfred because of its Old English inscription AELFRED MEC HEHT GEWYRCAN ('Alfred ordered me to be made'). And although the landowners were obliged to the king to supply these men when called, during the attacks in 878 many of them opportunistically abandoned their king and collaborated with Guthrum.